Everything You Need to Know About Shingle Roofing
Although not always the first thing we consider when we think of our dream homes, the roofing of our homes is essential – not only to the aesthetic exterior but the integrity of our interiors. But what counts as a good roofing element? What exactly are shingles? How do you go about choosing the right one for your home?
What Are Roof Shingles?
Roof shingles refers to the type of roof covering that consists of many individual overlapping pieces. These pieces can be of many different materials but are usually rectangular and flat – ideal for layering. Typically, they are layered from the bottom up; offset from its neighboring shingle and with each successive row covering the joints of the row below it. Shingles are just one of the many forms of roof covering in the USA.
Types of Shingle
Remember that there are different types of shingle material available for roofing. It is important to consider the structure of your building, the typical climate you live in and your budget when choosing a roof.
Asphalt or Composite Shingles
Asphalt shingles are the most common form of shingle used in the US. These shingles are not made entirely of asphalt – they contain a base layer of either fiberglass (better for warmer climates where fire and moisture resistance is important) or felt paper fiber (more suited to colder, windy climates); this layer is then coated with waterproof asphalt and ceramic granules. These types of shingles come in 3-Tab which are a flat, lightweight shingle, Dimensional which are heavier, thicker and stronger giving your roof a 3 dimensional look and Designer Architectural Shingles which are also a dimensional shingle but offer several different styles and shapes such as wood shake or slate look, they are also the most expensive of the 3.
Metal shingles can be made from a variety of metals – steel (usually with a zinc or paint coating), aluminum, copper, or even a zinc alloy. Although not as easily customized as the asphalt, metal shingles are available in sheets and shingles. Although more expensive than asphalt, metal shingles are more durable, recyclable, lightweight and provide good resistance to both wind and fire.
The traditional wood shingles come from either pine, redwood, red cedar or cypress trees. There are two types of roofing made from wood – shakes or shingles. Shingles are sawn uniformly, tapering evenly, with smooth front and back surfaces. A shake, however, is split not necessarily sawn, is thicker and wider at the base and tapers toward the other end. In the middle in terms of durability, maintenance and cost, wood shingles can be a worthwhile investment. With the correct treatments, it can provide good wind and reasonable water and fire resistance.
Regardless of the covering you choose, if installed incorrectly, it will never do its job. Avoid leaky and weak roofing by calling in professionals for assessments and installations. At AABCO Roofing, you can be sure that you are getting the best roof covering for your home and your budget.